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Biodiversity Databases

B. Curry, Gordon and J. Humphrie, Chris (2007) Biodiversity Databases. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300 Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742. ISBN 978-0-415-33290-3 (Submitted)

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In very broad strokes, as indicated by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in 1980, biology can be thought of at three levels of organization: molecular/genetic, species and ecosystem. The raw data of the molecular level are nearly all digital, as are many of those at the ecosystem level. However, the raw data of the species level (where they are found, the physiology, morphology, etc.) are almost all entirely analogue and descriptive. However, developments in informatics at each of these levels can be of service to the others. The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was established to enable the digital capture and dissemination of data related to natural history specimens (including those in culture and other living collections), of which there are an estimated 1.5 billion in at least 6000 collections worldwide. Another of GBIF’s tasks is to generate an electronic catalogue of names of known organisms, which is the element required to enable data mining across all three levels in a single query. GBIF’s work at the species and specimen levels of biological organization can be thought of as unifying the biological information domain. In addition, it provides worldwide coordination among the many ongoing digitization projects, standards development and networking efforts within biodiversity informatics.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Depositing User: Admin Digital Blue Ocean
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 07:31
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2022 07:31

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